LAKE CITY,  FLORIDA

Updated April 6, 2021

Lake City and its nearby neighbors of Live Oak and White Springs are historic towns in that go back to the earliest days of modern Florida history. 

HISTORY OF LAKE CITY, FLORIDA

Lake City figured prominently in American Civil War history;  the town will give you a taste of Old Florida with its old homes and buildings.

Lake City is south of the intersection of I-10 and I-75.  In the days before the interstate highways, it was still a major crossroads town at the junction of US-90 and US-441. 

The population now is about 13,000 and it is the seat of Columbia County.

Columbia County Courthouse, Lake City, FloridaColumbia County Courthouse, Lake City, Florida

In the days before many white settlers came to the area, Lake City was a Seminole Indian settlement known as Alligator Village.

The first white settlers built a town next door and named it Alligator. 

The city incorporated in 1859 and changed its name to Lake City in recognition of the many local lakes that include Lake DeSoto, Alligator Lake, Watertown Lake and Lake Harper.

The only significant battle in Florida during the Civil War was at Olustee, near Lake City. 

The Yankees lost 1,861 men killed, wounded or missing, and the Confederates lost 946 men killed, wounded or missing. 

Every year a reenactment of the battle is staged in Lake City, and a festival and other celebrations take place in conjunction with the reenactment.

Lake City St James Episcopal ChurchSt James Episcopal Church, Lake City, Florida

One of the earliest buildings in Lake City is the St. James’ Episcopal Church,  This historic church is at 2423 SW Bascom Norris Drive. 

After the Civil War, Lake City Florida began to develop and became an important railroad town. 

Tracks criss-crossed Lake City from several railroads, including the Florida Railroad Line, Seaboard Air Line, Georgia Southern Line and the Atlantic Coast Line.

The main industries became forest based, including turpentine, pulpwood and lumber.

Lake City Florida UniversityLake City, Florida Agricultural College

Two of the four colleges that eventually became the University of Florida were in Lake City  Florida: Florida Agricultural College and East Florida Seminary. 

In 1905, these two colleges along with two other schools moved to Gainesville and became the University of Florida. 

The other two were South Florida Military College in Bartow and St. Petersburg Normal and Industrial School.

Modern Lake City has many antique shops and restaurants, and is a good place to visit.



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