By  Mike Miller  Updated August 28, 2023

Trenton, Florida Things To Do, Lodging, Dining, & Real Estate At End Of Article

Trenton, Florida is a small city of about 2,200 people about 30 miles west of Gainesville.  It is the seat of government of Gilchrist County.

It is located at the intersection of US-129 and State Road 26.

Trenton City HallTrenton City Hall
Flickr/Jimmy Emerson, DVM


Trenton was named by Ben Boyd, a Confederate veteran and early pioneer, for his home town in Tennessee.

The soil is rich in the area and it became known for its agricultural products and farms. Watermelons, cotton, pulpwood and turpentine were some important products from the area.

The railroad came to Trenton in 1906 and this led to growth and prosperity.  The town was granted a charter by the state in 1908.

The residents of the Trenton area and the western part of Alachua County became frustrated and felt neglected by the Alachua County Board of Commissioners. 

They took a vote and were allowed to form a new county in 1925. 

They named it Melon County, but not long after the death of former Florida Governor Albert Gilchrist, they changed the county name to honor him.

It was the last county formed in Florida.

Gilchrist County CourthouseGilchrist County Courthouse
Flickr/Jimmy Emerson, DVM


Trenton is still a small town and Gilchrist County is one of the smallest in the state.  Agriculture is still important to the area. 

The only traffic light I've ever seen in the entire county is at the intersection of State Road 26 and U.S. Highway 129 in downtown Trenton.

Suwannee Valley Quilt ShoppeSuwannee Valley Quilt Shoppe
Flickr/BEV Norton

The downtown neighborhood has a fair number of interesting shops and restaurants. 

There are some small light manufacturing businesses, dentists, doctors, a pharmacy, grocery market and other enterprises that are surprising for such a small town.

Vintage Ice House
Flickr/BEV Norton

There are also a fair number of well preserved historic homes and buildings in Trenton. 

Some examples include the Gilchrist County Jail, the First Baptist Church, the Trenton depot, the county courthouse and the old Trenton Church of Christ.

Trenton is not a gentrified town.  It has developed gradually over the years, and is a real place where real people live and work.

Old Trenton Church of ChristOld Trenton Church of Christ
Flickr/Allen Forrest

Otter Springs Park and Campground is a local attraction that draws people from all over this part of the state.  It is a 636 acre privately owned park and campground.

One of the main attractions at the park is Otter Springs itself, a natural spring with a flow of 10 million gallons of pure water each day at an average temperature of 73 degrees.

Trenton First Baptist ChurchTrenton First Baptist Church

The spring forms a large clear pool and a stream that flows into the Suwannee River.  People enjoy hiking, camping, bird watching and swimming. 


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