By  Mike Miller  Updated August 24, 2023

Chattahoochee, Florida Things To Do, Lodging, Dining, & Real Estate At End Of Article

Chattahoochee is in north Florida about 45 miles west of Tallahassee.  It is on US-90 and has a population of about 3,600.

When I first moved to Florida in 1960, the common term for commenting on one's sanity was "You belong in Chattahoochee".

Florida State Hospital, Chattahoochee, 1939Florida State Hospital, Chattahoochee, 1939

That's because until 1947 it was the location of Florida's only mental institution. 

The hospital was built in 1876 on the site of an old arsenal that had been used during the Seminole Wars and the Civil War.

It was originally called the Florida State Hospital for the Insane.

Florida State Hospital, Amos Building

It gained national notoriety when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the hospital had illegally detained one of its prisoners.

The case (O'Connor v. Donaldson) resulted in mental institutions all over the country revising their practices.

Today the hospital treats patients with severe mental disabilities who have been committed to the institution in a civil or forensic action.

The hospital now has a good reputation.

Home on Decatur Street, Chattahoochee, FloridaHome on Decatur Street, Chattahoochee, Florida

The population of the city of Chattahoochee is about 3,600. The hospital is an important part of the economy here, but the town is also well known for its recreational opportunities.

Chattahoochee is located on the far northern border of Florida. It touches the Georgia border and is only a few miles from the Alabama border.

The town is located where the Chattahoochee River and the Flint River come together to form the Apalachicola River.

Jones House on Main Street, Chattahoochee, FloridaJones House on Main Street, Chattahoochee, Florida

The Chattahoochee flows through Atlanta and Columbus in Georgia, and Eufala, Alabama on its way south.

The Flint flows through Albany and Bainbridge, Georgia.

The rivers come together in Lake Seminole, a lake formed by the construction of the Jim Woodruff Dam.

The dam produces hydroelectric power and includes a lock for marine traffic to navigate up and down the river systems.

Jim Woodruff Dam and Lock

From the dam, the Apalachicola River flows south nearly 100 winding miles to the Gulf of Mexico.

The City owns and operates a nice recreational vehicle resort and campground on the Apalachicola River, and the area has several motels in town and adjacent towns.

It is also only a few miles south of Three Rivers State Park and not far from Tallahassee's Lake Talquin State Park.

Old and New Victory Bridges, Apalachicola River

The Victory Bridge carries US-90 over the Apalachicola River just downstream of the Woodruff Dam.

It replaced the original Victory Bridge that was opened in 1922 and named to commemorate the Allied victory in World War One.

The bridge served until the 1960s. Parts of the bridge remain beside the new bridge.

Florida State Hospital Administration Building

The Florida State Hospital Administration Building is on the National Register of Historic Places.

It is one of the many historic buildings that fill this small town and its hospital that now cares for more than one thousand patients.

Recommended Chattahoochee Restaurant


10 Main Street
Chattahoochee, FL 32324
Tel: (850) 663-4031

Northside Seafood is in a small building in downtown Chattahoochee, a quiet town snuggled up against the Georgia State line on its north side and the Chattahoochee River on the west.

Northside Seafood ExteriorNorthside Seafood

This is a neat and clean restaurant that offers a large variety of seafood, including mullet.



Our Facebook page has more than 129,275 followers who love off the beaten path Florida: towns, tourist attractions, maps, lodging, food, festivals, scenic road trips, day trips, history, culture, nostalgia, and more.  We post articles every day.  Please check it out and if you like it, we would appreciate a "like" from you.