August 7, 2021
Gainesville, Florida is located in North Central Florida and has a population of about 135,000.
The city is on the major north-south highways I-75 and US-441 and is the home of the University of Florida.
The area around Gainesville was at one time a Timucuan Indian village.
The Timucuans were an indigenous tribe that occupied Florida long before the Seminoles came down from Georgia and the Carolinas.
Back in 1817, when Spain owned Florida, the King of Spain gave a massive land grant in the area to Don Fernando de la Maza Arredondo.
After Florida became part of the United States, planters and farmers moved into what is now Alachua County and helped Florida become a state in 1845.
The area near the future Gainesville was known as Hogtown, the name of a nearby creek.
The first county seat was Newnansville. When David Levy Yulee built his railroad from Fernandina to Cedar Key, the tracks bypassed Newnansville.
The citizens then created a new town on the railroad named Gainesville.
It was named after General Edmund Gaines, a veteran of the Seminole Wars, and became the county seat.
Florida was one of the Confederate States of America and the Civil War slowed growth in Gainesville. There were even a couple of small skirmishes between Confederate and Union troops.
After the Civil War, Gainesville began to flourish as a center for cotton processing and shipping.
Citrus and vegetables also became major economic forces, followed later by phosphate and lumber operations.
But the biggest boon to Gainesville was when the University of Florida decided to move to town.
The town's future was assured when the University of Florida located there in 1906.
Gainesville history is closely tied to University of Florida history.
Gainesville is a comfortable family town with the rolling terrain and large oak trees typical of north central Florida.
Like many smaller college towns, the population is seasonal. Summers are very quiet in Gainesville when most of the students are gone.
The major employer in Gainesville is the University of Florida.
Much of Gainesville's commercial activity is centered around the University as well as the main highways that radiate out from Gainesville like the spokes on a wheel.
These include University Avenue which branches of into State Road 26 and becomes S.E. Hawthorne Road; US-441, known in Gainesville as 13th Street; Archer Road; Newberry Road; Waldo Road; and Williston Road.
These roads head to the Old Florida towns for which they are named.
Much of Gainesville's business life is centered along West University Avenue in what is called the Innovation District.
It is located one block east of the University of Florida campus, and two blocks west of what is called Downtown Gainesville. This district has many offices, restaurants, shops.
Downtown Gainesville is centered around West University Avenue and Main Street a couple of blocks west of the Innovation District.
It has become a trendy neighborhood centered around its town square, named Bo Diddley Plaza in honor of one of Gainesville's favorite musicians.
This is where the Hippodrome Theatre is located. The square features a Wednesday farmer's market, several restaurants and bed and breakfast inns.
Another interesting building here is the Thomas Center, which used to be a hotel.
The Hippodrome serves Gainesville today as the venue for their community theater. It was Gainesville's post office in its former life.
A tall historic building has long dominated the area between the Innovation and Downtown districts on the north side of University Avenue.
This was known to old gators of my vintage as the Georgia Seagle Building or just plain Seagle Building.
It began its life in the "Roaring Twenties" as the Hotel Kelly. The hotel went broke even before it opened when the state and local economies crashed.
The old hotel was rescued in the 1930s by a Jacksonville woman named Georgia Seagle. She along with the University of Florida and some federal grant money finished the building.
Ms. Seagle then named the building after her brother, John F. Seagle.
The building has been renovated and repurposed over the years. At one time it became the Dixie Hotel.
Today the first 6 floors are commercial space; the remaining 5 floors are residential units, and the top floor is a single unit.
The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982 as the John F. Seagle Building, with the mention of its historic use as the Hotel Kelley and the Dixie Hotel.
Residents of Gainesville and visitors love the variety of things to do and see on the campus of the University of Florida.
Starting in September, the school year is a beehive of activity until the following June.
In addition to having an excellent academic reputation, the Gators also have nationally ranked football, basketball and baseball teams.
Not that I am biased, but I do have a brick on the Emerson Hall Alumni courtyard. My brick is very close to the statues of Albert and Alberta.
These friendly gators are the team mascots of the University of Florida athletic teams. Albert came on the scene first, followed some years later by Alberta.
It is not clear whether they are man and wife, significant others, or just plain UF classmates.
There are so many things to do and see on the campus they can't all be listed here.
The dominant feature of the campus is on the south side of West University Avenue: the football stadium. It was known to old Gators such as me as "Florida Field."
Things change and it is now officially known as Steve Spurrier-Florida Field at Ben Hill Griffin Stadium.
Gator football fans and their opponents simply call it "The Swamp", a name created by the legendary Steve Spurrier.
It is the largest football stadium in Florida and the 12th largest in American college football.
Bronze statues of three Gator Heisman Trophy winners are displayed in front of the stadium: Steve Spurrier, Danny Wuerffel, and Tim Tebow. They were all quarterbacks.
Another must see attraction on the campus is the Florida Museum of Natural History. It is one of the best museums of its kind in the world.
Kids love the giant prehistoric mammoth skeleton, the bat cave, and the butterfly garden.
Northeast Gainesville became an upper class neighborhood after the turn of the 19th century in the areas known as the Duck Pond and the Highlands.
In the early years of the twentieth century, four presidents of the University of Florida lived in these neighborhoods.
Gainesville residents have done a good job of restoring and preserving these neighborhoods.
Gainesville's location in north central Florida makes it an excellent starting point for many interesting day trips and scenic drives.
This will show you hundreds of things to see and do within 100 miles of Gainesville: